See 5 diseases transmitted by cockroaches and learn how to prevent them!
No wonder cockroaches are so disgusting in most people. In addition to their disgusting appearance, these insects carry in their bodies a wide variety of pathogens, many of which, when they come into contact with people or their food, can cause illness.
In urban areas, we observe a continuous increase in the incidence of pests of public health importance, especially when we neglect essential care to keep them away from us. Therefore, it is important to emphasize what are the main diseases transmitted by cockroaches and what needs to be done to keep them away from you. Want to know more? So stay with us!
See the main diseases transmitted by cockroaches
Below, you can see 5 diseases that may have their origin in contact with this insect.
As the cockroach travels through many contaminated places, it ends up carrying bacteria such as Salmonella and Shigella in its legs and abdomen. When they pass through objects such as cutlery, crockery and even food that can become infected, humans end up contracting these pathogens by mouth.
With the microscopic organisms in the body, it is extremely normal to foster instances of bacterial loose bowels, well known as the runs. Hence, keep the spot coordinated and clean, trying not to draw in these undesirable creatures into our homes and working environments.
2. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease caused by the HAV virus that is transmitted orally-fecally, from an infected person to a healthy person, or through contaminated food or water, including by cockroaches. Its symptoms include severe tiredness, malaise, muscle pain, fever, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice. The latter generates a yellowish colouration of the skin and eyes.
This disease can be prevented with the hepatitis vaccine. Furthermore, there is no treatment that can be done specifically for these cases. The recommendation is to rest and suspend any consumption of alcoholic beverages.
3. Typhoid fever
Typhoid fever is triggered by the bacteria Salmonella typhi, which is carried by the cockroach after it has passed through contaminated faeces, for example. Very common in places where there is poor sanitation, the occurrence of this situation is more frequent in countries where access to drinking water is limited.
Among the perceived symptoms of typhoid fever are elevated body temperature, chills, severe headache, diarrhoea, muscle and abdominal pain, and general tiredness. Weight loss and internal bleeding are complications that can result from this condition.
Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that primarily affects the lungs but can affect the bones, kidneys, brain and other parts of the body. It is considered serious and is usually transmitted through the airways. However, what many do not know is that it is among the diseases transmitted by cockroaches. The most frequent symptoms are:
· High fever;
· night sweats;
· chest pains;
· dry and prolonged cough;
· lack of appetite;
· weight loss.
In more severe cases, episodes such as difficulty breathing and coughing up bloody sputum – hemoptysis – still occur.
Another problem – which is not associated with the transport of impurities by cockroaches – is asthma. Little associated with cockroaches, the chronic respiratory problem finds, in these insects, an allergen and aggravating factor.
In 2009, a study released by the Boston University School of Medicine linked “ cockroach asthma ” to an increase in the disease among low-income children in urban areas, making asthma a very common problem in orphanages, for example. There are also reports that, while we sleep, cockroaches can travel through regions of our body, attracted by nasal and oral fluids. This can lead to eye oedema and atopic dermatitis.
It is very important to be aware of the symptoms and see a doctor as soon as possible. In general, diseases transmitted by cockroaches have symptoms that can be confused with common viruses, but it is extremely important to understand what is behind the condition so that it is possible to intervene as soon as possible.
Health problems are an important aggravating factor to be observed. Therefore, always try to keep the house up to date, ensuring the integrity of the rooms and isolating the access areas from insects into the house (opting for drains that can be closed is an example of this).
Prevent these risks
To reduce the incidence of cockroaches and reduce the risk of contamination by the pathogens they carry, in addition to good hygiene of all utensils and surfaces susceptible to contamination, we must keep the environments clean and organized.
Check out below some basic precautions that must be adopted.
Beware of contaminated items
If you notice the presence of cockroaches on objects and surfaces, never fail to sanitize them. People who have allergies need to be extra careful; after all, any contact with a contaminated appliance can trigger an allergic attack.
Wash food well and protect liquids
Contaminated food and liquids are a common source of cockroach-borne diseases. Therefore, make sure that these sources of contamination will not reach your body. Wash the food you are going to eat well and, if you notice any liquid that has been exposed to external microorganisms, do not consume it.
In addition to the above precautions, the use of specific products in the environment, known as household sanitisers, will also help to keep these risks far away from us.
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