Do Sharks Have Tongues?

Do sharks have tongues You are not alone? This article will give you a clear idea of ​​what shark tongues are, what they are made of, whether they can get a taste of using them, and much more.

Sharks have tongues called “basically”, they are not short, sharp, small, and flexible, they do not have a taste bud, and they are not useful. Only 3 sharks, carpet sharks, bullhead sharks, and cookie-cutter sharks have different languages ​​that are used to help eat food.

Sharks do have tongues

Sharks have tongues, like humans and many animals. But shark tongues do not serve the same purpose as they do for humans.

A human language serves different purposes. It is a multi-purpose organ.

Human language is used to taste food, to move food in the mouth. Can be used, it is flexible and has many flavor buds inside the tongue.

Also, of course, humans use their tongues to communicate. The human tongue is widely considered to be the strongest muscle in the body.

But shark language does not serve these purposes. Most researchers believe that the shark’s tongue is a short, thick, and immovable organ that has no real purpose for the shark – not even the taste buds.

That is why the language of sharks or any other fish is not called language, they are called “basihil”.


The body of a shark is made up entirely of cartilage instead of bones. Sharks don’t even have ribs. Because they don’t need a bone cage like the vital organs … protect like the lungs. For the “lungs” they have gills, through which they breathe.

From the body of a shark made of cartilage, there is a large part of the cartilage that extends to the mouth and provides support to these throats.

Can sharks taste using their tongue?

It is from their tongues that humans taste many other animals, and so on, but surprisingly, sharks do not have a taste bud in their tongues.

Shark flavor buds

These taste buds are located under a special lining inside her mouth and throat. This lining is called “papillae”. Therefore, the tongue is not at all a part of the taste of food.

These taste buds aren’t overly sensitive, they’re just offered to tell the shark if the food is edible enough – sharks aren’t really anxious!

They swim all day looking for food and eat a lot of what they can eat. They don’t really “taste” their prey, they eat whatever they want to eat.

Illustration of shark mouth

An example of how a shark’s mouth is pulled out. Here is a very basic drawing of a shark’s mouth, indicating the floor of the lower jaw, which contains the space of the tongue (or biceps), and the taste of the buds in relation to the teeth.

Three sharks that use their tongues

Most sharks have tongues that are immovable and mostly useless. But there are species of sharks whose tongues serve a purpose. These are carpet sharks, bullhead sharks, and cookie-cutter sharks

Carpet shark and bullhead shark tongues

In particular, carpet sharks “orctolobides” and bullhead sharks “heterodontoids” have different languages ​​than other sharks.

They have languages ​​that are bigger, flatter and more flexible and dynamic. This means that these sharks can use their tongue to suck prey with their powerful roaring muscles.

But before they have eaten their prey completely, they first partially swallow the prey and use taste buds in their mouths to indicate whether the prey is capable of swallowing.

Therefore, if the taste buds feel a familiar and edible taste, it means that it is okay to eat prey, so the prey will then move down the direction of the stomach and eat it.

Cookie-cutter shark tongue

Another type of shark that has a different language is the cookie cutter shark “Istis spp”.

They have tongues or basi-hils that are much larger than normal sharks and are attached and strong to the cervical muscles of the strong mix.

This structure of the tongue means that it is attached to the throat muscles instead of the floor of the mouth.

So it makes it easier for cookie-cutter sharks to suck “cookie-sized” meat, mostly from prey with cetaceans, pennypads, light fish.

Cookie-cutter sharks use their teeth to rip open prey and then use their basal to extract and suck the meat and all the goodies.

The cookie-cutter helps the shark use the language “oral vacuum” as a feeding strategy, sucking the prey’s meat.

Sometimes people bite their tongue, it is painful. So do sharks bite their tongues? Let’s take a closer look.

Do sharks bite their tongue?

With sharp and piercing teeth, it is common to think that sharks bite their tongues.

However, when it comes to sharks, shark tongues act or act like humans. This is cleared that sharks rarely bite their tongues. Here is the information for you. The shark’s tongue is mostly flat, immovable, and largely protected up to the floor of the mouth, but it has some flexibility

Muscles expand and contain nerve endings called proprioceptors.

Properceptors constantly monitor and regulate muscle tension and position, sending permanent and necessary signals to the brain and brain.

The brain is constantly informed as to language.

Sharks are the most famous predators of the ocean, their sharp teeth, and eating habits are famous (it!) … but do they have tongues?

Well – Lauren wrote to ask us and that’s definitely a big question!

SAARC ROBERTS – To answer, swallowed Stanley, a shark expert and author.

This helps the brain stem what the tongue is doing, regardless of the size of the bite, chewing, and food particles.

This proper coordination avoids unintentionally cutting the tongue.

A sharks sense of taste

Sharks do not have a highly developed sense of taste. The taste buds in the mouth and throat layer do not just confirm yes or no to food. There is no taste sensation with flavor buds. For them, yes it is, put it or not, don’t enter it.

Can sharks stick their tongue out?

Sharks have a language called basihall. Basihal is a small, thick piece of cartilage located on the floor of the mouths of sharks and other fish. The cookie cutter shark uses a basihall to slice pieces of meat from its prey.

Sharks cannot live without their tongues. For most sharks, the tongue is attached to the floor of the mouth, it is made of cartilage, moves very little, and performs a limited function. Unlike humans, they do not have a membrane under their tongue, which allows us to move our tongue.