The 10 biggest sharks in the world
Sharks tend to scare us a lot, as some have been used as protagonists in many movies where people are terrified, portraying them as atrocious eaters. While it is true that several species occupy the primary place as marine predators, their hunting is not specifically oriented towards human prey. Therefore, accidents that occur between these animals and humans are the product of random and very sporadic events.
These fascinating animals are currently under significant pressure, giving rise to several endangered species. In this Better-Pets.net article, we want to introduce you to an article about the 10 biggest sharks in the world, so that you know more about these awesome sharks.
Whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is the largest type of shark in the world, therefore, the largest fish. It inhabits all tropical seas with varying depths. The largest recorded size is 20 meters and the average length usually exceeds 10 meters.
Paradoxically, despite the size distinction between sharks, they feed by filtration on phytoplankton, small prey such as krill, small crustaceans, larvae and smaller fish such as sardines, mackerel and tuna. It is classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in the endangered category.
Basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) It lives in warm and temperate waters, having migratory movements depending on the weather. They can be between 200 and 2,000 meters deep. It is the second-largest shark recognized with average sizes between 7 and 8 meters, but in some cases, it can exceed 10 meters in length.
This is also a filter-feeding species of plankton, copepods, larvae and eggs. It is a calm animal that poses no danger to humans. However, it is in danger of extinction according to the IUCN.
The Greenland Shark (Somniosus microcephalus) Lives mainly in temperate and polar waters, with distribution on continental and insular shelves. Depending on the water temperature, it can reach around 500 m in the hottest seasons and reach 1200 m in waters between 1-12 or C.
It is considered to be in the group of largest sharks in the world, but also the slowest with a length of up to about 7.3 meters. It feeds on marine mammals, a wide range of other fish and even carrion. It is considered to be in the vulnerable category.
The tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) It is distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical waters. Although with very few accidents recorded, it can cause harm to people. The species, contrary to what was previously thought, has a high degree of migration, even in contrasting aquatic ecosystems. Individuals up to about 7.3 m in length were registered, but the average is between 3.25 and 4.25 m, with weights up to about 635 kg.
They are active predators of the seas, consuming an important variety of aquatic mammals and birds. They also tend to prey on injured whales or feed on dead whales. They are considered to be almost threatened.
The cabañota shark (Hexanchus griseus) It is the largest shark of its group, considered a cosmopolitan species with global extension, mainly in deep waters. Their dimensions range from 3.5 to 4.8 m, with some exceptions reaching 6 m in length.
It is an exclusively carnivorous predator that consumes other fish, including smaller sharks and rays. With a trend towards population decline, it is found to be almost threatened .
Giant hammerhead shark
The giant hammerhead shark (Sphyrna mokarran) It is found in all tropical marine waters of the world, as well as in other species of the sphyrnid group. With its peculiar T-shaped head, it measures between 4 and 6 meters in length and weighs up to 500 kg.
It feeds on other sharks, bony fish and rays, which it often crushes with its head before devouring them. It is considered by the IUCN in the category of critical extinction hazard.
The white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) , one of the best-known species of shark, has a wide distribution in both tropical and cold glasses of water, with a particular presence in several coastal glasses of water. On average, the maximum size it reaches is 6 meters, with weights of up to about 3 tons.
This is a very active predatory species, with various hunting techniques. Their prey ranges from some types of whales, seals, sea lions and elephant seals, birds and turtles. Your current status is vulnerable.
The Widemouth shark (Megachasma pelagios) It is a relatively recent type of discovery and few studies due to the limited observations that exist. It is mainly distributed in various warm waters, although it is eventually distributed in temperate waters as well. The average size of this animal is 5 meters long and about 750 kg.
It is another species that filter feeds on crustaceans and shrimp. There are no details about the status of the population and it is considered to be less of a worry.
Pacific dormant shark
Pacific dormant shark (Somniosus pacificus) It is a species of the group called sleepy sharks, of which there are not enough data, especially with regard to the population level. Inhabits deep waters of the Pacific Ocean. The average size is 4 meters and the maximum weight is approximately 360 kg.
They have a varied diet that includes other fish, seals, rays, octopus, squid, crabs and carrion. Your classification within the IUCN is insufficient data.
The mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) is distributed in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. That’s why it is considered cosmopolitan, with temperate and tropical waters. The average size ranges from 3 to 3.8 meters and weighs around 150 kg .
They are predators with the highest trophic location in the ecosystems they inhabit. Bluefish are their main food source but alternate with other types of fish, cephalopods and mammals. According to the IUCN, it is located in danger of extinction.
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